What Are Defense Mechanisms?
Defense mechanisms are unconscious strategies whereby people shield themselves from anxious thoughts or feelings.
Defense mechanisms aren’t innately awful—they can permit people to explore excruciating experiences or channel their vitality all the more profitably. They become hazardous, be that as it may, when applied too every now and again or for a really long time.
The idea arose from crafted by Sigmund Freud and his girl Anna. Freud’s system has demonstrated almost impossible to experimentally approve, and his methods are not, at this point broadly used in therapy. Still, his theories spurred the development of psychology, and some of his ideas—like defense mechanisms—still stand today. Distinguishing when a patient employs a defense mechanism, such as projection, for instance, can be a useful catalyst in the remedial process.
Schools of therapy other than Freud’s psychoanalytic methodology, such as intellectual social therapy, observe similar tendencies and behaviors yet ascribe them to nonsensical beliefs instead of the unconscious. The overall thought that people carry on inward conflicts in specific ways still seems to be substantial.
Defense mechanisms are established in Freud’s hypothesis of personality. As per his model, the brain has three dueling forces: the id (unconscious and crude urges for food, solace, and sex), the superego (a somewhat conscious drive toward good and social values), and the conscience (a mostly conscious power that moderates the id and superego).
Tension, in this worldview, emerges when the needs of the id clash with the needs of the superego. To alleviate the tension, the sense of self deploys strategies of self-double dealing to evade the discomfort. The unsuitable idea or feeling might be denied, for instance, or legitimized or anticipated onto someone else.
8 Major Defense Mechanisms
Projection: Attributing one’s unsuitable feelings or desires to someone else.
Disavowal: Refusing to perceive or recognize genuine facts or experiences that would prompt uneasiness. For instance, on the off chance that someone with substance use disorder doesn’t see his concern.
Repression: Blocking troublesome thoughts from going into consciousness, such as an injury survivor shutting out a disastrous encounter.
Regression: Reverting to the conduct or emotions of a previous formative stage, which may happen when a person is stressed or anxious.
Defense: Justifying a mistake or hazardous inclination with seemingly sensible reasons or explanations.
Displacement: Redirecting an enthusiastic response from the legitimate beneficiary to someone else out and out. For instance, if a chief screams at a worker, the representative doesn’t scream back—yet the worker may holler at her accomplice soon thereafter.
Response Formation: Behaving or expressing the opposite of one’s actual feelings. For instance, a man who feels insecure about his masculinity may act excessively aggressive.
Sublimation: Channeling sexual or unsuitable urges into a gainful outlet.